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Petra often described as the eighth wonder of the ancient world, it is without doubt Jordan’s most valuable treasure and the greatest tourist attraction. It is a vast, unique city carved into the sheer rock face by the Nabataeans, an industrious Arab civilization who settled here more than 2000 years ago, turning it into an important junction for the silk, spice and other trade routes that linked China, India, and southern Arabia Egypt, Syria and Rome. By the 14th century, Petra as completely lost to the West, and so it remained for almost 300 years.
Then in 1812, a Swiss traveler, Johann Ludwig Burckhardt persuaded his guide to take him to the site of the rumored lost city. Secretly making notes and sketches.
What to see: The City itself, The Siq, and The Treasury, Rock carved tombs, Temple Facades, Funerary halls, Rock reliefs, Theatre of 3000 seats from the early 1st century, Palace Tomb, Qasr Al-Bint, a Gigantic
1st century Deir (Monastery) need to climb 900 rock-cut stairs to reach it, Jabal Haroun (Mount Aaron),
Petra Archaeological Museum, you can make a Petra by night visit.