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Roman Theater (Amman down Town )

AMMAN (The Capital)

Roman theater is located in the eastern part of the Jordanian capital Amman opposite the Amman Citadel, A writing on Greek columns indicates that this amphitheater was built in honor of the emperor Hadrian, who visited Amman on the year 130 AD.
a total of 7,600 meters and dates back probably to the second century AD, specifically between 138 AD and 161 AD during the reign of Antoninus Pius.
Roman amphitheater used for musical and theatrical performances. Because of the quality of the sound system in it, it is used to this day sometimes for shows. Theater can accommodate 6,000 spectators, it is the larger than the Southern Theater in Jerash, which expands to 4.000 to 5.000 spectators. Front of the stage platform surmounted by artists, there is a certain place in the center of the theater Spectators can hear the sound of it in a clear manner in all runways theater. The stands are divided into 44 classes, in three main groups. The first rows are used to set the elite and dignitaries, while the second rows groups dedicated to the rest of the people, and the third.
There are rooms behind the stage platform, used by artists to change their clothes and prepare to be displayed to the public. The altitude of the original theater building platform about three floors, the highest of any of the columns in formic Arena. There was a small temple at the top of the theater, carved in the rock, it was Romania statues of the gods. There are two small Museums today on both sides of the theater, folk life museum and the Museum of Popular fashion. The first tells the evolution of the life of Jordan's population and their use of tools and furniture over the past century, especially the rural and nomadic life. The second museum deals with topics fashion Jordanian towns and Palestinian traditional ornaments and decorating tools used by women.
Amman, the modern and ancient capital of Jordan, is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the World. The city's modern buildings blend with the remnants of ancient civilizations. The profusion of gleaming white houses, kebab stalls with roasting meat, and tiny cafes where rich Arabian coffee is sipped in the afternoon sunshine, conjure a mood straight from a thousand and one nights.

Recent excavations have uncovered homes and towers believed to have been built during the Stone Age with many references to it in the Bible.
Amman was known in the Old Testament as Rabbath-Ammon, the capital of the Ammonites around 1200 BC, it was also referred to as "the City of Waters".
In Greco-Roman times in the 3rd century BC, the City was renamed Philadelphia (Greek for "The Brotherhood Love") after the Ptolemaic ruler Philadelphus (283-246 BC). The City later came under Seleucid as well as Nabataean rule until the Roman General Pompey annexed Syria and made Philadelphia part of the Decapolis League - a loose alliance of ten free city-states, bound by powerful commercial, political, and cultural interests under overall allegiance to Rome. Under the influence of the Roman culture, Philadelphia was reconstructed in typically grand Roman style with colonnaded streets, baths, an Amphitheater, and impressive public buildings.

During the Byzantine period, Philadelphia was the seat of a Christian Bishop, and therefore several churches were built. The city declined somewhat until the year 635 AD. As Islam spread northwards from the Arabian Peninsula, the land became part of its domain. Its original Semitic name Ammon or Amman was returned to it.
Amman's modern history began in the late 19th Century, when the Ottomans resettled a colony of Circassian emigrants in 1878. As the Great Arab Revolt progressed and the State of Transjordan was established, Emir Abdullah ibn Al-Hussein founder of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan made Amman his capital in 1921. Since then, Amman has grown rapidly into a modern, thriving metropolis of well over two million people.

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